Flemish weaving

Flemish weaving is a tapestry technique found in the region of Scania in southern Sweden. The weaving technique produces bright-colored tapestries with stylized patterns, depicting people, florals, and animals.

Location: Scania

Teckning av personer med höjda glas runt ett bord.

During the weaving, the flemish weaver is following a sketched pattern which is attached behind the warp. Photo: Kalle Forss

A high warp loom is used for Flemish weaving, where the warp threads are mounted vertically and the weaver is placed in front of the loom. Due to using fewer warp threads than the traditional French tapestry weaving, the patterns of Flemish weaving are less detailed and slightly stylized. The warp threads are usually linen, while the weft threads are wool. A smaller, portable loom was introduced in the 1970s, which made the craft more accessible.

The tapestry technique used in Flemish weaving was introduced by Flemish craftsmen in southern Sweden during the 16th century. Sources show that noblemen in the 16th century owned numerous pieces made in Flemish weaving. During the 18th century, the technique spread outside of the cities and became part of local folk culture.

Local crafts associations in southern Sweden have safeguarded the tradition of Flemish weaving since the early 20th century by providing instructions, patterns, and courses. Newly developed patterns are often inspired by traditional motifs. In recent years there has been an increased interest in learning the technique among many age groups.



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Ernst Fischer och Gertrud Ingers (1966), Flamskvävnad: Flemish weaving. Ica-förlaget. Västerås.

Gertrud Ingers (1975), Gästgivardöttrarna i Everlöv: slöjd och bohag i en bondesläkt under 200 år. LT. Stockholm.

Kerstin Winther och Kristina Hansson (1994), Skånsk flamskvävnad: historik, uppsättning, vävning, montering. Hemslöjden i Malmöhus län. Landskrona.

Malmöhus läns hemslöjdsförening (1959), Handledning i Skånsk flamskvävnad.